What are some of the reasons DNA testing is conducted?
Usually we performs DNA testing for numerous legal issues including:
In what situations can you make a test for paternity?
Our area of expertise provide DNA testing for cases involving alleged father/mother, deceased parents, prenatal, unusual twin & family studies.
Can the results be used as evidence in court?
The legal requirements of paternity cases vary greatly from place to place so check what you need before undertaking the test. For the test results to hold up in a court of law a doctor will be required to collect the sample. You will also have to provide additional personal information (such as fingerprints and photographs) to confirm your identity. The results of a home sampling kit are just as accurate, but are strictly for personal assurance.
Does the child have to be a certain age to have a DNA paternity test?
No, we regularly perform paternity testing on newborn infants using umbilical cord blood, an easy and painless procedure that takes place right in the delivery room. For other young children we use cheek (buccal) swabs.
How are the samples obtained?
The method of obtaining samples is easy and pain free. As DNA is contained in almost all cells of the body, there is no need to take a blood sample. Instead, a swab is taken from the inside cheek of the person being tested. Loose cells are picked up on the swab and these are then sent in for analysis in a laboratory. If you want the paternity test purely for your own personal knowledge, then the sample can be collected in the comfort of your own home. If however, you want the test for legal reasons (such as child maintenance), then the sample must be taken by a doctor and proof of identity provided.
Is the cotton buccal swab just as accurate as a blood test?
Yes, the testing is just as accurate. The DNA in a person?s blood sample is the same as the DNA in a person?s skin cells that are collected from inside the mouth. This sample is obtained by use of a soft cotton swab that is rubbed on the inside of the mouth (a ?buccal swab?).
Can I do anything to alter the results of the test?
No. Alcohol, drugs, medication, food, age and lifestyle do not alter the DNA pattern within an individual.
Do I need to fast prior to having my sample collected?
No, fasting or alteration to your normal routine is not necessary.
Is the mother always tested?
No, but if she is, the paternity test in the father-mother-son scenario may provide for a higher level of certainty. When the mother participates we are able to subtract her contribution to the child's DNA pattern before comparison to the tested man's.
How accurate is paternity testing?
If done correctly, in the paternity testing is 99.99% accurate in determining if someone is the father of the child in question, and 100% accurate in determining if they are not. Most paternity tests involve at least 16 individual tests of the DNA to provide increased accuracy.
Are the results confidential and reliable?
Yes. Because of the sensitivity surrounding questions of paternity, and as with all patient information, testing and the results are strictly confidential. Results are released only to the parties involved. Our results are extremely reliable.
Will you be able to tell me if I carry a problematic gene or at risk of health problems?
No. We will not be able to determine if you are carrying any genetic markers associated with a disease because we are only testing your DNA to look at markers associated with migratory history.
Do I need a doctor's or lawyer's order for a paternity test?
No, most of our clients order and schedule paternity testing directly.
Is paternity testing covered by health insurance?
Paternity testing is not considered to be a medically necessary procedure; therefore, it is not covered by health insurance.
How long does it take to get my test results?
For standard paternity cases, we offer a turnaround time of 5 to 7 working days from the receipt of samples.
How do I pay for the test?
Payment for the test can be made by cash, money order or PayPal.
Who performs the tests? And where?
The biological samples can be collected by anyone in any city in the world. Once the samples are collected by mail to our laboratory in Italy, the tests are performed by trained and skilled scientists. All tests are overseen and reviewed by a Ph.D. with extensive training in DNA analysis.
What is DNA?
DNA stands for Deoxyribo-Nucleic-Acid and is basically a long and complex molecule that carries information in the form of a chemical code. This code will tell the body and cells how to grow and form. This chemical code is unique in every single person, thus the analysis of the chemical code gives the ability to perform highly accurate testing of relationship, identity, etc.
What is DNA testing?
DNA paternity testing is much more than a blood test. It can be performed on a much wider variety of samples, including blood cells, cheek cells, tissue samples, and semen. Since blood types, such as A, B, O, and Rh, are more common within the population, the power to differentiate individuals is not as high as with DNA paternity testing. Every person's DNA is unique except for identical twins. Since it is so specific, just like a fingerprint, DNA paternity testing is the most powerful form of testing. Our results are often 10 to 100 times more accurate than what the courts require.
Where is DNA located?
DNA is located everywhere throughout your body in the exact same form. Thus, the DNA in your blood is the same as the DNA in your skin cells, tissue, bones, teeth, and semen. Your DNA is developed at the point of conception, and never changes, through death and beyond.